Alkaline Water vs Distilled Water: Uncovering the Facts

Alkaline Water vs Distilled Water

In recent years, the debate between alkaline water and distilled water has gained significant attention. Many individuals are keen to understand the key differences and potential health benefits of each type of water. As we dive into this topic, it is crucial to keep in mind that water is not just a thirst quencher; it plays a vital role in maintaining our overall well-being.

Alkaline water is characterized by its higher pH level compared to regular tap water, typically around 8 or 9. This water is considered less acidic due to the presence of natural minerals such as calcium, potassium, and magnesium. These essential minerals not only help balance the body’s pH but also contribute to various other health benefits. On the other hand, distilled water is produced through a process that removes virtually all impurities, including essential minerals. The result is a neutral pH of 7, devoid of any potential contaminants but also lacking those crucial minerals.

The debate surrounding these two types of water centers on whether the additional minerals in alkaline water offer genuine health advantages and whether the absence of impurities in distilled water make it a safer choice. In the following sections, we will explore the unique properties of alkaline and distilled water as well as examine their respective merits and potential drawbacks.

Alkaline Water Vs Distilled Water

Definition and Characteristics

Alkaline Water is water that has been ionized, resulting in a higher pH level compared to normal water. Typically, it has a pH level of about 8 or 9, while regular water has a neutral pH of 7. This means that alkaline water is less acidic and more basic. Drinking alkaline water is believed to provide various health benefits, but excessive consumption may lead to gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea and vomiting.

Key properties of alkaline water:

  • Ionized
  • pH level of 8 or 9
  • Less acidic and more basic than regular water

Distilled Water is purified water that has undergone a process called distillation. This involves boiling tap water and collecting the water vapor as it condenses, leaving behind harmful contaminants. As a result, distilled water is free of impurities, but it also lacks essential nutrients and minerals found in other water types, making it less suitable for consumption over an extended period.

Key properties of distilled water:

  • Purified through distillation
  • Free of impurities and contaminants
  • Devoid of essential nutrients and minerals

Sources and Availability

Alkaline Water can be obtained through a few different methods:

  1. Ionized water filters: These filters are designed to increase the pH level of tap water, making it more alkaline.
  2. Bottled alkaline water: Many brands manufacture and sell bottled alkaline water, but it is important to ensure that they are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
  3. Alkaline water sticks or drops: These portable products can be added to your water to increase its pH level.

Distilled Water can be sourced through the following methods:

  1. Home distillers: Invest in a water distiller to create your distilled water at home.
  2. Bottled distilled water: Search for reputable brands that offer distilled water in bottled form without added minerals or nutrients.
  3. Laboratory or industrial distilled water: Some laboratories and industries produce distilled water for specific purposes, although it may not be suitable for consumption.

In conclusion, both alkaline water and distilled water have their unique characteristics and potential benefits, depending on their intended use. However, it is essential to be cautious about the potential drawbacks and overconsumption of either water type.

Health Benefits and Concerns

Alkaline Water

Alkaline water has a higher pH level compared to plain tap water, which means it’s less acidic. Proponents believe that it can neutralize acid in the bloodstream and offer several health benefits, such as improving stool consistency and possibly preventing diseases like cancer and heart disease. However, more research is needed to verify these claims.

Some potential benefits of alkaline water include:

  • Improved hydration
  • Relief from headaches and earaches
  • Enhanced quality of life
  • Alleviation of digestive problems

It’s important to note that drinking excessive amounts of alkaline water can lead to adverse effects, such as diarrhea, vomiting, and other gastrointestinal issues.

Distilled Water

Distilled water is water that has gone through a purification process, removing most impurities and minerals. Some people prefer to use distilled water for various purposes, such as watering plants, because it doesn’t contain the minerals found in typical tap water.

While distilled water is considered safe for consumption, it may not offer the same health benefits as alkaline water due to its lack of minerals, such as calcium and magnesium. These minerals are essential for maintaining good health and supporting various bodily functions.

That being said, distilled water can still be an ideal option for those looking to consume water without impurities and minerals, especially for those with specific dietary restrictions or health concerns.

In summary, both alkaline and distilled water offer various benefits and concerns. While alkaline water is believed to improve hydration and possibly prevent diseases, more research is needed to substantiate these claims. Distilled water, on the other hand, provides a purified option that lacks minerals but may not offer the same health benefits. As always, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional before making any significant changes to your diet or water consumption.

Taste and Hydration

Flavor Comparisons

When comparing alkaline water and distilled water, there are a few differences in taste to consider. Alkaline water may taste bitter or different from your tap water due to its higher pH level. This can also change the taste of any beverages you use it in, such as coffee or tea. Humans have taste receptor cells (TRCs) that can differentiate between five major “taste qualities”: bitter, sweet, sour, salty, and umami. Alkaline water falls under the bitter category due to its high pH level.

On the other hand, distilled water has a neutral taste, as it is purified through a process that removes impurities and minerals, leaving only pure H2O. However, some people may find this lack of minerals makes distilled water taste a bit flat.

Hydration Efficiency

Both alkaline and distilled water offer similar hydration properties. A glass of either water type can provide hydration for all of your body’s cells, helping to regulate body temperature, blood pressure, and other vital functions.

In addition, drinking sufficient water – whether alkaline or distilled – can help:

  • Maintain body temperature balance
  • Support healthy digestion
  • Aid in the elimination of waste products
  • Promote healthy skin and hair

While alkaline water is sometimes marketed as offering superior hydration, there is limited scientific evidence to support this claim. For most people, adequate hydration can be achieved through the regular consumption of either plain water or distilled water.

In conclusion, the choice between alkaline and distilled water often comes down to personal preference. Some may prefer the taste of alkaline water, while others may favor the neutral flavor of distilled water. Regardless of your preference, staying hydrated with either type of water is crucial for your overall health and well-being.

Purity and Contaminants

In this section, we will explore the differences between alkaline water and distilled water in terms of purification processes and common impurities.

Purification Processes

Alkaline Water: Alkaline water is created by ionizing water to increase its pH levels. The pH scale ranges from 0 (very acidic) to 14 (extremely basic), with normal water having a neutral pH of 7. Alkaline water typically has a pH of about 8 or 9, which is said to provide certain health benefits. However, this process does not necessarily remove contaminants from the water.

Distilled Water: Distillation is a process that involves heating water to its boiling point and collecting the steam, which is then cooled to produce purified water. This process effectively removes most contaminants, including bacteria, viruses, and certain chemicals. As a result, distilled water is considered one of the purest forms of water.

Common Impurities

Contaminants and impurities are common in any water source, especially tap water and spring water. Here are some common impurities found in various types of water:

  • Tap water: Tap water usually undergoes water treatment processes to remove particulate matter, bacteria, and some chemicals. However, it may still contain impurities such as chlorine, lead, and pesticides.
  • Spring water: While spring water is sourced from underground aquifers and is typically filtered naturally through rocks and soil, it can still contain bacteria and other contaminants.
  • Purified water: Purified water undergoes additional filtration processes, such as reverse osmosis, to remove dissolved solids and most impurities. However, certain contaminants, like volatile organic compounds, might still be present.
  • Filtered water: Filtered water is passed through carbon or other media filters to remove impurities. Although it removes some contaminants, such as chlorine and heavy metals, it may not remove all impurities.

In conclusion, both alkaline water and distilled water undergo different purification processes, resulting in different levels of purity and pH. Distilled water is considered one of the purest forms, while alkaline water has higher pH levels but may not be as free of contaminants. The presence of impurities is common in all water sources, including tap water, spring water, purified, and filtered water, with varying degrees of contaminants depending on the treatment process.

Mineral Content and Acidity

Essential Minerals

Alkaline water and distilled water differ in their mineral content. Alkaline water contains essential minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium. These minerals are crucial for maintaining a healthy body and play significant roles in bone health, muscle function, and nerve transmission. In contrast, distilled water is devoid of these minerals, as the distillation process removes them along with contaminants such as lead and heavy metals.

Acidic and Alkaline Properties

The pH scale measures the acidity or alkalinity of a liquid, ranging from 1 to 14. A pH of 7 is considered neutral, while values lower than 7 are acidic and those higher are alkaline. Most drinking water has a neutral pH, typically between 6.5 and 8.5.

Alkaline water has a pH level above 7, usually around 8. This higher pH is achieved either by adding alkaline minerals or through water ionization, which separates acidic components and increases the water’s alkalinity. Proponents of alkaline water claim it can neutralize acid in the bloodstream and potentially offer health benefits, such as preventing cancer and heart disease. However, more research is needed to verify these claims.

Distilled water, on the other hand, has a pH of 7. It is considered neutral because the distillation process removes both acidic and alkaline substances from the water. While distilled water is free from contaminants, it also lacks the essential minerals found in alkaline water.

In summary, the primary differences between alkaline water and distilled water lie in their mineral content and acidity. Alkaline water offers the benefits of essential minerals and a slightly alkaline pH, which some believe can contribute to overall health. In contrast, distilled water is free of minerals and maintains a neutral pH.

Application and Usage

Drinking Water

Alkaline water has a higher pH than plain tap water, which is believed to neutralize acid in the bloodstream and potentially help prevent diseases. However, more research is needed to verify these claims. On the other hand, distilled water is purified through a process that removes all minerals, leaving behind pure water with reduced total dissolved solids (TDS) content. While distilled water is typically safe for drinking, some people might find it less tasty due to the lack of minerals.

  • Alkaline water:
    • May neutralize acid in the bloodstream
    • Potential disease prevention (more research needed)
    • Retains minerals
  • Distilled water:
    • Removes all minerals
    • Pure water with reduced TDS
    • Safe for drinking, but might lack taste

Cooking and Beverages

When it comes to cooking and beverages, alkaline water is often preferred for certain applications. Its higher mineral content can enhance the presence of magnesium, calcium, and potassium in foods and beverages, thus improving the taste. For instance, alkaline water is sometimes used for brewing coffee, as it helps reduce bitterness and bring out the coffee’s flavor.

Distilled water, being stripped of minerals, lacks taste and might not be suitable for applications where the natural flavor of water is desired. However, it’s excellent for maintaining a clean and pure taste when preparing certain dishes that require minimal mineral content.

  • Alkaline water:
    • Enhanced mineral content
    • Improved taste in foods and beverages
    • Excellent for brewing coffee
  • Distilled water:
    • Lacks taste due to removed minerals
    • Pure taste for certain dishes


Fish tanks and aquariums require specific water conditions for optimal health and thriving of the aquatic inhabitants. While alkaline water might be suitable for certain fish species and plants that prefer higher pH levels, distilled water offers a clean, mineral-free base that can be customized to meet the specific requirements of various aquatic species.

Using distilled water as a starting point, aquarium enthusiasts can add the necessary minerals and adjust the pH levels as needed for the desired water parameters. It allows them to create a stable and healthy environment for their fish and plants, while minimizing potential issues like diseases, skin irritation, and other health concerns.

  • Alkaline water:
    • Suitable for fish and plants preferring higher pH levels
  • Distilled water:
    • Mineral-free base for customized water parameters
    • Meets specific requirements of various aquatic species
    • Stable and healthy environment for fish and plants

Cost and Sustainability

Price Comparison

When comparing alkaline and distilled water, there are some differences in their respective costs. Alkaline water is usually more expensive than distilled water, mainly because of the process involved in increasing the pH and adding minerals.

  • Alkaline water: Prices can range from $1 per liter to over $3 per liter, depending on the brand and whether it is sold as bottled water or produced using a water ionizer at home.

  • Distilled water: Typically costs around $0.50 to $1 per liter, available in most grocery stores. Also, you can produce it at home using a water distiller.

Environmental Impact

When considering the environmental impact of both types of water, it’s essential to evaluate their production methods and waste generated.

Alkaline water:

  • The production of alkaline water often involves adding minerals, which may increase the use of natural resources.
  • Bottle production contributes to plastic pollution, especially if it is not recycled properly.
  • Some alkaline water companies are becoming more sustainable by using eco-friendly packaging materials and promoting recycling efforts.

Distilled water:

  • The distillation process is energy-intensive, as it involves boiling and condensing tap water. This can lead to higher energy consumption, impacting both cost and the environment.
  • Similar to alkaline water, plastic pollution due to bottle production is a concern. However, some manufacturers use recycled materials and promote eco-friendly practices.

Although both types of water have their environmental impacts, consumers can opt for home water purification systems (such as ionizers or distillers) to decrease their carbon footprint and reduce plastic waste.

In conclusion, it’s crucial to weigh the costs and environmental factors when deciding between alkaline and distilled water. Alkaline water tends to have a higher price point, while distilled water production is generally more energy-consuming. Ultimately, consumers should consider sustainable practices like home purification systems to minimize the environmental impact while enjoying clean and safe water.

Safety and Precautions

When it comes to alkaline water and distilled water, there are some important safety and precautions to consider. This section will explore the potential effects of consuming these types of water, as well as addressing concerns about various medical conditions and potential short-term and long-term consequences.

Medical Conditions

  • Acid reflux: Some people believe that alkaline water can help reduce acid reflux symptoms due to its higher pH level. However, more research is needed to confirm these claims.
  • Dehydration: Both alkaline and distilled water can contribute to staying hydrated. However, distilled water lacks minerals and electrolytes that are essential for maintaining proper hydration. It’s important for individuals with medical conditions affected by dehydration to consult with their healthcare providers before changing their water consumption habits.

Short-Term Effects

  • Safety concerns: Generally, drinking alkaline water is considered safe for most people. However, if it’s consumed in excessive amounts, it can lead to diarrhea, vomiting, and other gastro-intestinal issues. Always drink water from a safe and reputable source, and consult a healthcare provider if you have concerns.
  • Children: As children might have different hydration needs than adults, it’s best to consult with a pediatrician before introducing them to alkaline or distilled water.
  • Short-term detox purposes: Alkaline water has been suggested for short-term detox purposes, primarily because of its higher pH levels. However, there’s insufficient evidence to support this claim, so use caution and consult a healthcare provider if you’re considering using alkaline water for detoxification.

Long-Term Effects

  • Long-term safety: While drinking alkaline water is generally safe, the long-term effects have not been extensively studied. Therefore, it’s essential to practice moderation and maintain a balanced diet to ensure overall well-being.
  • Distilled water: Long-term consumption of distilled water could result in a lack of essential minerals and electrolytes, which could lead to health issues. It’s important to consult with your healthcare provider if you’re considering switching to distilled water for long-term use.

In conclusion, both alkaline water and distilled water can be consumed safely, but it’s essential to be mindful of potential effects and consult with healthcare professionals when necessary.

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